Setting up a protected area is only the beginning of a long-term conservation effort. An ongoing commitment is needed to ensure that the area is truly protected, and to determine whether the conservation effort is working. A wealth of resources has been developed to monitor and assess the effectiveness of terrestrial and marine protected areas, but few options exist for those wishing to measure the success of freshwater protected areas. This is especially true for small-scale, community-based freshwater protected areas like those in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), which are known as Fish Conservation Zones (FCZs). In an effort to address this resource gap, FISHBIO has developed a new guidebook on how to assess the effectiveness of FCZs in Lao PDR. The guidebook was recently released at a workshop hosted by FISHBIO Laos with the Lao Department of Livestock and Fisheries (DLF) in Vientiane, Lao PDR, on May 9 and 10, 2019. The goal of the workshop was to familiarize participants with the steps of an FCZ assessment, and how to use the guidebook to select relevant indicators of FCZ effectiveness for an assessment.
The workshop represented the culmination of a three-and-a-half year project funded by the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, and brought together more than 50 participants representing a variety of stakeholders, including NGOs, the private sector, and government officials. Although the majority of the participants were from Lao PDR, the workshop also included a few international participants from Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar. The workshop introduced participants to the process of conducting FCZ assessments as part of the fisheries management cycle. During the two-day training, participants became familiar with each of the guidebook’s 21 indicators of FCZ governance, socioeconomic, and ecological effectiveness, as well as a smaller companion guide known as a field handbook, which walks through the steps of an FCZ assessment. Participants learned how to select relevant indicators to measure during an FCZ assessment based on the goals and desired benefits of an FCZ. They also received copies of an FCZ status report prepared by FISHBIO, DLF, and the World Wide Fund for Nature, which identifies more than 1,300 Fish Conservation Zones in Lao PDR.
Throughout the workshop, participants shared lessons learned from their experiences of establishing and monitoring FCZs. Several participants noted that they were already planning to begin the process of FCZ assessment and expressed that the guidebook represented at timely and useful resource for this endeavor. The workshop concluded with a half-day field trip to visit the fish feeding station at a Mekong giant catfish FCZ, as well as a visit to the site of newly established FCZs that FISHBIO has been working to support in Sangthong District, Vientiane Capital. Participants met with members of the village committee and enforcement team of Sakai Village to hear about their experiences with FCZ management. The final goal for the project is to distribute the guidebook throughout Lao PDR and other Southeast Asian countries, where it can serve as a resource to help improve the management of FCZs and support fish conservation across the region. Electronic copies of the FCZ assessment guidebook and field handbook can are available to downloaded online.