Building Resilience of Wetlands in the Lower Mekong Region through a Ramsar Regional Initiative
Location: Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, Viet Nam
Duration: 1 January, 2017 – 31 December, 2020
Project Background: Wetlands, such as marshes, rivers, mangroves, coral reefs, and other coastal and inland habitats, have many important functions. They regulate water flows, provide clean water, store carbon and reduce disaster risk by acting as natural buffers against erosion and the impact of flood, tsunamis and landslides. In the Lower Mekong region, millions of people rely on wetlands for their survival.
In recent decades, however, infrastructure developments, deforestation, the expansion of irrigated agriculture and increasing urbanisation have led to a dramatic decline in the region’s wetlands. This, in turn, has resulted in the depletion of fish spawning and feeding grounds and a reduction of water quality. Farmers in many areas are also increasingly affected by saltwater intrusion, landslides and flash floods, which are further intensified by climate change.
Funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the “Mekong WET: Building Resilience of Wetlands in the Lower Mekong Region” project aims to build climate resilience by harnessing the benefits of wetlands in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, and Viet Nam.
Mekong WET will help the four countries to address their commitments to the Ramsar Convention, an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands, and to achieve the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
Through its focus on wetland ecosystems, the project also supports governments in implementing their National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) under the Convention on Biological Diversity and pursuing their commitments on climate change adaptation and mitigation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Objectives of the project:
The overarching goal is the establishment of an effective and replicable framework for delivery of ecosystem-based adaptation and mitigation benefits from existing and planned Ramsar sites (or wetlands of international importance) in the region, including through transboundary collaboration.
Donor: International Climate Fund (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
Partners: National Ramsar Administrative Authorities of the four target countries and Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention
Countries: Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, Viet Nam
The Wonders of the Mekong: A Foundation for Sustainable Development and Resilience is an initiative to study the biodiversity, climate, and hydrology of the Mekong River Basin, build partnerships between organizations working toward a sustainable future for the region, and develop educational materials to increase awareness about the value of a healthy Mekong River. The project also hopes to foster discussions about aligning development goals with conservation, and how the Mekong region can adapt to a changing climate
The project is a partnership between the University of Nevada Reno’s Global Water Center and the Inland Fisheries Research and Development Institute of Cambodia (IFReDI), with funding from U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Other collaborators include FISHBIO, the University of Sydney, and Utah State University. This interdisciplinary team will study the economic, environmental, and cultural importance of the Mekong to describe the tangible and intangible benefits of this rich ecosystem. Follow the project on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram for more updates.
Project Contact: Zeb Hogan
Community-based, co-managed Fish Conservation Zones (FCZs), which are freshwater no-fishing areas, have become popular tools for managing fish populations in Laos. However, few resources or guidelines exist for assessing whether these protected areas are effectively meeting their goals. The only way to determine whether FCZs are actually working is through monitoring and evaluation. This assessment is an essential element in the process of adaptive management; however, greater emphasis is often placed on establishing new FCZs without investigating how to make existing and future FCZs better.
Through this project, FISHBIO Laos seeks to develop a best-practices guidebook for FCZ assessment as a resource for civil society organizations and government counterparts in Laos. The FCZ guidebook will include methods for measuring indicators of biological, social, and governance effectiveness. The project will draw on the successes and challenges of establishing FCZs in Laos, as well as on the body of scientific work developed around the assessment of marine protected areas (MPAs). Another goal of the project is to provide networking opportunities for the many organizations (NGOs, private sector, and government agencies) that have been involved in establishing FCZs throughout Laos.
This project consists of three major components:
This project is funded by the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, and will use the Mekong Fish Network as a platform to share project experiences and provide networking opportunities for organizations involved with or interested in FCZs.
Project partners: FISHBIO Laos, WWF Laos, and the Lao Department of Livestock and Fisheries.
In the tropics, freshwater fishes represent an important source of protein for local communities. The thermal ecology of tropical freshwater fishes (i.e., thermal optima and tolerances, temperature specific metabolic scope for activity) has received very little attention. However, research has demonstrated that organisms from thermally stable environments such as the tropics tend to be thermal specialists. It has also been observed that some tropical thermal specialists achieve optimal metabolic performance at temperatures near their upper tolerance limits. Therefore, ectotherms of tropical environments may be exceptionally sensitive to even small changes in thermal regime such as those occurring and anticipated from global climate change.
The ‘Hot fish’ project aims at:
– Providing information on the vulnerability of key tropical freshwater fishes to climate change.
– Improving the capacity of local communities to conduct research projects, through provision of equipment and mentoring, as applicable.
To address our objectives, we will use static respirometry to assess the thermal sensitivity of tropical freshwater fish at three locations:
– Brazil (Amazonian province)
– Uganda (Lake Victoria basin)
– Cambodia (Lake Tonle Sap)
The project addresses a time sensitive conservation problem, and will contribute to the protection of culturally and socio-economically important fish species in tropical regions. As has been demonstrated in the temperate world, respirometry studies of socio-economically important fishes of the tropics could provide the data necessary for a detailed assessment of population level adaptive capacity and the distribution of potentially suitable future habitat.
Dr. Michael Cooperman, Conservation International
Dr. Steven Cooke, Carleton University
Dr. Dominique Lapointe, Carleton University
Dr. Timothy Clark, Australian Institute of Marine Science
Dr. Lauren Chapman, McGill University
Dr. Tony Farrell, University of British Columbia
Dr. Les Kaufman, Boston University & Conservation International
Dr. Adalberto Luis Val, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Da Amazônia
Project Funder: Conservation International (2013-2015)
Catch and Culture was established by the Mekong River Commission in 1995 as the fisheries research and development newsletter of the Mekong region. The newsletter is distributed to more than 650 subscribers around the world. Since 1993, it has been edited by Peter Starr, an Australian author and journalist who has been living and working in East Asia since 1986. Chhut Chheana, a veteran Cambodian graphic designer, has been responsible for the layout and design of the newsletter since 2010 when the Mekong River Commission Fisheries Programme moved from Vientiane to Phnom Penh. Catch and Culture is published three times a year in English, usually in April, August and December. Omnibus editions in the Khmer, Lao, Thai and Vietnamese languages are also produced, usually once every year. Back issues are available here as PDF documents: http://www.mrcmekong.org/news-
Project Contact: Peter Starr, email@example.com